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Bodies and Artefacts: Relics and other devotional supports in Shia societies in the Indic and Iranian worlds

Journée(s) d'étude - Lundi 27 mai 2019 - 10:00Programme (En anglais) 10:15 - Welcome Address by CEIAS Director10:20 - Opening remarks by Michel Boivin, Annabelle Collinet, Sepideh Parsapajouh  10:30 - Karen Ruffle (University of Toronto), EHESS-IISMM Invited ProfessorPresence in Absence: The Formation of Reliquary Shiism in Qutub Shahi Hyderabad In this presentation, I will present relics as indexical forms of remembrance that are powerful manifestations of the “presence in absence” of the Shiʿi saints and Imams. Relics assumed a defining role in shaping a specific form of religious material culture that would find spiritual and political valence among the diverse religious and ethnic polities of the Deccan region of South-Central India during the Qutb Shahi period (ca. 1496-1687 c.e.). I show how the Qutb Shahi sultans encouraged the translation of Shiʿism from an essentially Persianate form into an Indo-Shiʿi idiom through several complex processes of translation and indigenization that transformed the ritual-devotional, literary, architectural, and reliquary material practices into systems that were mutually intelligible to a diversity of Hindu and Muslim communities, alike. Panel 1 – Manuscript as devotional medium Chair : Pierre Antoine Fabre, EHESS-CéSor 11:00 - Mounia Chekhab Abudaya, Qatar Museum (Doha)Pilgrimage certificate as instrument of devotion: example of the Museum of Islamic Art, Doha.Dated ah 21 Muharram 837 (September 6, 1433 ce), the pilgrimage certificate MS.267.1998, from the Museum of Islamic Art’s collection in Doha, was made for a pilgrim named Sayyid Yusuf bin Sayyid Shihab al-Din Mawara al-Nahri, who undertook the ‘umra. With a length of 666 cm, it features the major Islamic sites, alongside inscriptions from the Qur’an and texts written in Arabic and Persian related to the pilgrimage with the name of the pilgrim and his six witnesses inscribed at the end. This presentation will aim at introducing the scroll’s textual and visual content and in particular its possible use as an object of devotion transporting the viewer to the illustrated sacred places and providing blessings through the physical contact with these images. 11:30 - Zahir Bhalloo, Free University Berlin"From Sehwân to Masqat. Manuscripts of Sindhi elegies (marsiyâ) among the Lawâtiya of Oman"Manuscripts containing Shiʻi devotional poetry, in particular Sindhi elegies (marsiyâ) of Sâbit ʻAli Shâh (d. 1800) of Sehwân on the martydom of Husayn (d. 680), were abandonded in the late nineteenth century by the majority of South Asian Khoja followers loyal to the Shia Imami Ismaili spiritual leadership of the Aga Khan. These manuscripts continue to be used, however, as devotional supports by the dissident Twelver Shiʻi Khoja minority known as Lawâtiya that settled in Masqat. In this paper, we will examine how these manuscripts become part of the Khoja satpanth religious tradition in South Asia and their contemporary role among the Lawâtiya of Oman. 12:00 - Olly Akkerman, Free University BerlinA Neo-Fatimid Library in the Making: The Social Lives of Arabic Manuscripts among the Alawi Bohras of South AsiaThe Bohras, a small but vibrant Ismaili community in India that is almost entirely closed to outsiders, hold a secret Arabic manuscript culture, which is enshrined and preserved in royal archives or khizānāt. This paper will investigate the materiality of the khizāna and the social role of its manuscripts. As secret objects that are part of a living manuscript culture, I argue, these manuscripts are central to the identity of the community. Beyond their function as carriers of knowledge, the paper will examine how the books of the khizāna are understood among the Bohras as devotional supports and relics, embodying the direct and unbroken link between the community and the Fatimid past. 12:30 - Lunch break Panel 2- Body and its imprint in devotional rituals Chair : Rémy Delage, CNRS-CEIAS  14:00 - Daniel de Smet, CNRS-LEMThe foundation of the shrine of al-Husayn’s head in the last decades of Fatimid Egypt: its political and religious implicationsOne of the last Fatimid caliphs, al-Zâfir, transferred to Cairo the relic of al-Husayn’s head, previously discovered in a miraculous way in Ascalon by the Armenian Fatimid vizier Badr al-Jamâlî. In 1154, eighteen years before Saladin put an end to the Fatimid Empire, the shrine of al-Husayn was officially opened and its devotion was overtly promoted by the regime. Although our sources about this event are scarce, I will try to cast some light on the political and religious implications of the introduction of this Shi’i cult shortly before the final triumph of Sunni Islam in Egypt. 14:30 - Sepideh Parsapajouh, CNRS-CéSor Some reflections on the geography of corporal relics in Twelver Shia IslamIn Twelver Shia Islam, considering the plurality and multiplication of the venerated figures, the holy places are also innumerable. In this presentation, I focus on the places of devotion that are supposed to contain the bones (corporal relics). I will try to present them in a schematic framework and to discuss some factors (liturgical and emotional) for explaining the importance of some of them, as well as some aspects of their transformations and changes over time. 15:00 - Delphine Ortis, INALCOThe body of the malañg renunciant and his emotions in the devotional rituals of Qalandarī (Sehwan Sharif, Pakistan)To shed light on the place of the body and emotions in Shia devotional rituals, we will take the renunciant qalandarī or malañg as the subject. Indeed, to progress on the path of Lāl Shahbāz Qalandar, he must put his body and emotions to the test. We wonder what roles do the body and emotions play in this learning of devotion? And what does the transformed body of malañg represent? 15:30 - Annabelle Collinet, Musée du LouvreTaʿziyeh and dasteh: ʽAlam, costumes and objects of Moharram's devotional theatre and processions in Iran since the Qajar periodDuring the ceremonies related to the commemoration of the martyrdom of Imam Ḥosayn and his companions, the bodies of actors and believers carry signs that identify the devotional figures celebrated. These objects (armour elements, weapons and sculptures) visually concentrate the story and figure invoked. In the theatre as well as on the banners, they represent the words declaimed, sung or inscribed that relate the drama. The objects worn and carried today are very similar to those identifiable for the Qajar period and are largely inspired for the costumes, from safavid period productions. Made of forged steel and damascened with precious metals, these objects show the durability of models with a strong visual identity and the recurring use of this metal for Shia devotional objects. 16:00 - Coffee break Panel 3- Circulation of Material Culture between Shiism and Sufism Chair: Hélène Zwingelstein, CéSor-EHESS 16:30 - Michel Boivin, CNRS-CEIAS Body in absence: the Mawla jo qadam in Sindh between Shiism and SufismA number of papers have been devoted to the qadam-e rasul in South Asia, or the Prophet Muhammad’s footprints which are visited by devotees. Amazingly, the scholars did not pay attention yet to the qadam-e mowla, namely places where Ali’s footprints can be found, or his horse’s footprints. Such sites can be found in many Sufi sites in the Indus Valley, although they can also be arranged as separate places of devotion, as it is the case in Hyderabad, Sindh. The paper will investigate how the qadam-e mowla can inform us about the interaction between Shiism and Sufism both in Shia and Sufi places of pilgrimage. 17:00 - Hasan Ali Khan, Habib University (Karachi)The Qalandariyya Sufi Order of Sehwan (Pakistan) (film 35 mn, Hasan Ali Khan, Shabbir Siraj, Nofil Naqvi) in its relationship with Popular Shia devotionThe ethnographic film 'Shahbaz Qalandar' explores the vital role of the Qalandariyya Sufi Order in the city of Sehwan’s religious life, in its relationship with Shia devotional culture. It deals with the diversified contemporary spiritual life and religious practices of the city of Sehwan in Pakistan, including the popular collective ritual at the shrine, the dhammal, and other aspects of Qalandari piety and popular culture, which are solely built around the tragedy of Karbala. The film screening will be preceded by a short talk on the structural commonalties of the Qalandariyya with similar communities in Turkey and Iran, such as the Alevis and Ahl‑i Haqq (Yaresan).  18:00 – General discussion 

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15 Early Stage Researcher positions in the Marie Skłodowska Curie Action - ITN MIDA

Appels étudiants - Samedi 1 juin 2019 - 00:00The Innovative Training Network programs (ITN) are designed to combine scientific research with an intensive training trajectory for young scholars in order to equip them with the necessary comprehensive knowledge and skills. These researchers work in an inter-sectoral, interdisciplinary and international environment to deepen their knowledge and to find answers to pressing contemporary societal issues. An international consortium of research institutes, universities and non-academic partners has been awarded with a research grant from the Department for Research and Innovation of the European Commission in June 2018. MIDA is coordinated by the ‘Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique’ (CNRS) in Paris.The MIDA project rests on the premise that digitisation and technological innovations have a tremendous impact on Islam, the effects of which are diverse and ubiquitous. They include first and foremost modes of expression and communication of religious messages and traditions and modes of engagement with society. Digitisation and concurrent innovations as they emerged in the past decades belong to the list of comparable fundamental technological transformations in human history such as the invention of paper, printing technology, steam power, electricity and telecommunication, which constituted major upheavals, even if these were not experienced in all societies and by everyone at the same time, in the same way.It is commonly recognised that the digital revolution will indeed deeply transform human societies, much as the industrial revolution did in the nineteenth century. However, the rapid changes that are currently taking place generate a sense of loss of control and instability among the general public, politicians, journalists, academics, and, not least, among Muslims themselves. The spread of modern digital media and new technologies of communication, production and dissemination, prompts researchers and social actors, Muslims and non-Muslims alike, to make sense of, and understand these developments. Consequently, they have shaken up Islam as a field of academic study and have impacted on the ways Islam is to be studied in the future. The specificity of the current digital revolution calls for a re-evaluation of past situations and reflection on future prospects.MIDA assesses these developments in all their dimensions by formulating three major questions: How does digitisation (1) shape Islam (i.e. beliefs, practices, societies, activism, political organisations, social institutions, and outlooks); (2) modify the relation Muslims have with their past; (3) modify and reorganise scholarship and research on Islam.The MIDA project is to train 15 creative, entrepreneurial, and innovative researchers in social and human sciences through an interdisciplinary research programme, whose main objectives are to understand the tremendous influence that digitisation and technological innovations have on Islam.The location is depending on which project the candidate applies for.A summary of the available positions includes :ESR 1 – From oral command to written memories. A case-study: the first Arab Muslim autobiography, ‘Abd Allâh b. Buluggîn’s Memoirs, 11th century.ESR 2 – ‘In/out of the closet’ testimonials: online performance of secret lives in the Middle East and among Muslims in the West.ESR 3 – Art activist (artivist) and non-celebrity clips as expressions of self in North Africa and the Middle East.ESR 4 – Islamist movements in Morocco in their ‘other languages’: uses of the Arabic and Berber vernacular varieties in the digital spheres.ESR 5 – Arab-Muslim encounters with Orientalism in the colonial age.ESR 6 – Dubbing or subtitling? The socio-cultural context of exported Turkish television series.ESR 7 – Mosque architecture and scripture in the contemporary Muslim world.ESR 8 – The commodification and displacement of waqf portable assets from the 18th c. onwards.ESR 9 – Wartime photography and portraiture in Khomeini’s and post-Khomeini Iran.ESR 10 – Constructing and deconstructing Islamic authority and knowledge online and offline: competing Muslim discourses in the Moroccan diaspora in Europe, in particular the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany.ESR 11 – From pulpit to Facebook: the digitisation of religious communication, authority and knowledge production.ESR 12 – Networks of transmission of Islamic knowledge and mobility patterns of scholars in the pre-modern world.ESR 13 – Mecca between photography, phonography and motion picture in the colonial period.ESR 14 – Reactions of the European public after the rise of terrorist attacks perpetrated by Islamists since 2015: assessing the role of the digital media.ESR 15 – Loss, memory and mobilisation: al-Andalus on the Internet.Successful applicants cannot have resided in the country of PhD matriculation or of recruitment institution for more than 12 months in the 3 years immediately preceding the engagement date.The positions may be equivalent to a PhD position and are not restricted to EU citizens. Refugee status under the Geneva Convention are NOT counted ‘as period of residence / activity in the country of the enrolment University or Employer.The gross monthly salary will be more than € 2,000 gross per month (depending on the University or Employer and on local tax regulation).For any information, please contact info@itn-mida.orgEach applicant may apply for up to 3 individual projects.Download the file of the position(s) you are interested in : forms are available on: successful PhD candidates will participate in the network’s advanced training activities and work in academic and non-academic partner organisations’ premises. Regular meetings and workshops within the EU-funded MIDA Innovative Training Network will supplement the training and support provided at the host organizations.Practical training (secondments) will be complemented by a personal career development programme that will prepare the ESRs for their future careers.The closing date for this position will be 1st of June 2019.Interviews will take place in the University of enrolment or at employer premises (or via Skype/Zoom) in June 2019. The final decision for each project will be made by the MIDA consortium and communicated to the remaining candidates on 8th July 2019.The starting date of the ESR will be 1st September 2019 or as soon as possible thereafter.

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Présence et rôle eschatologique du Prophète Muhammad

Journée(s) d'étude - Jeudi 2 mai 2019 - 09:30Ce workshop est organisé dans le cadre du programme de recherches ANR-DFG PROPHET "La présence du Prophète : Muhammad au miroir de sa communauté dans l'Islam moderne et contemporain".Il est associé au programme du séminaire de l'IISMM "Doctrines, représentations et appartenances religieuses : le Prophète de l’islam comme objet épistémologique transversal".This workshop is organized within the framework of the Franco-German ANR-DFG PROPHET research program "The Presence of the Prophet: Muhammad in the Mirror of his Community in Early Modern and Modern Islam". It approaches the individual and eschatological dimensions of Prophetic piety from perspectives informed by the history of mentalities and emotions and by religious anthropology and sociology. By this it is intended to bring out the historical emergence of the different ways of encounters with the Prophetic presence and to highlight the embodiment of the Prophetic model as part of the formation of the Muslim individual.More informations in the program to download 

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Diversity of Asian Capitalisms: An Islamic Pattern

Journée(s) d'étude - Mardi 9 avril 2019 - 14:00This international workshop is held in the framework of the PSL IRIS-Etudes Globales project “Global Islamic Market: Asian Perspectives on Diversity of Capitalism”.Elaborated on the principle of the genuine logic for “equity” instead of indebtedness, an Islamic model on economy was implemented since the mid-1970, firstly in the Golf region and then in the South-East Asia, especially Malaysia. Since then, so-called Islamic capitalism has prospered and sees today the emergence of the “Islamic market”, consisting of industries that provide the products or the services based on and regulated by Islamic normativity.In this workshop, we will focus on the theoretical and practical aspects of the contemporary Islamic Economics, especially one of its today’s major challenges, which is the gap between its ideal principles and practical reality. To what extent is it legitimate to be commercial and profit-oriented by utilizing the Islamic normativity in the Islamic financial services? How do we cope with emerging challenges, such as hyper-financialization of Islamic finance? What is at stake in applying it onto today’s contemporary context where the interface between the Islamic norms and the secular norms blurs in the process of globalization? How to corporate with the Muslim-minority environment in the non-Islamic and secular states? And does the implementation of Islamic pattern of economy encourage the Islamization of consumers’ religious practices or not?Co-organized by the Fondation France-Japon de l’EHESS and Paris-Dauphine University, this workshop will explore how a religious value and norm transform the economic dynamics and challenge the global economic market. By doing so, we will be finally interested in examining this Islamic pattern(s) of economic practices from the perspective of the diversity of Asian capitalisms.Program14:00 - Welcome addressSession I: Aspiration and Reality of Islamic Economics & FinanceDiscussant: Kaouther Jouaber-Snoussi (Paris Dauphine University)14:10 - Islamic Moral Economy and the Performance of Islamic Banking and Finance: A Theoretical and Critical Approach through Institutional EconomicsMehmet Asutay (Durham University)14:50 - How Can We Overcome the Financialization of Islamic Practices? Issues and New Horizons’Shinsuke Nagaoka (Kyoto University)15:30 - Discussion16:00 - Coffee BreakSession II: Dynamics of Islamic Finance in AsiaDiscussant: Kader Merbouh (Paris Dauphine University)16:20 - A Socio-historical Reading on Islamic Finance in Malaysia: From a Political Instrument to a Comparative Advantage (Modalities and Conditions)David Delfolie (Panthéon-Sorbonne University)17:00 - Islamic Finance: Basically, an Asian PhenomenonAnouar Hassoune (West Africa Rating Agency)17:40 - Discussion

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Des îles dans l’histoire: écrire l’Algérie (archives et terrains)

Journée(s) d'étude - Lundi 8 avril 2019 - 09:00Le Workshop est organisé par Noureddine Amara (historien), Yazid Ben Hounet (chargé de recherche au LAS) et Isabelle Grangaud (chargée de recherche à l’IREMAM).Consulter le programme en fichier joint.

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Queer Habibi : imaginer et construire un futur commun LGBTIQA+ dans le monde arabe et leurs diasporas

Table ronde - Dimanche 7 avril 2019 - 16:00Table ronde et discussion sur la situation et l’avenir des communautés LGBTIQA+ – encore que cette appellation soit discutable – dans les pays arabes et leurs diasporas, avec la participation des différents chercheurs, chercheuses, artistes et activistes :Abir KrefaLudovic-Mohamed ZahedSem Nagas - QueerasseTarek LakhrissiCollectif Des Racinné.é.s de LyonCollectif KhamsaCollectif QitokoMarien GouyonJules FalquetLes images d'Art Queer Habibi, auteur·e anonyme, et le dernier magazine du Collectif Des Raciné.e.s Lyon, Hbiba Hloua (mars, 2019), s'imposent énormément à notre attention :Queer Habibi sur Twitter : @ArtQuuerHabibiVoir le dernier magazine du Collectif Des Raciné·e·sEst-il possible d’imaginer un futur commun ? Nous voulons faire dialoguer différentes perspectives, parcours et expériences politiques, académiques ou artistiques autour du futur des personnes qui mettent en question l’héteronormativé et la binarité de genre dans les pays arabes, y compris au sein de leurs diasporas. Nous ne prétendons pas avoir une vision homogène de la question queer. En revanche, nous l’interrogeons à partir d’un regard décolonial, situé et ouvert à la critique.Il ne s'agit en aucun cas -de verser dans le registre de la constatation misérabiliste, ni – pire encore – dans le pinkwashing sur un mode néo-orientaliste, mais plutôt de faire droit à la parole pour interroger les manières dont on peut construire des mondes possibles.Initiative organisée par : Collectif MigrantEHESS, Transbloc, collectif féministe, Solidaires Étudiant.e.s EHESS, Institut d’études de l’Islam et des sociétés du monde musulman – IISMM, Centre d’Études turques, ottomanes, balkaniques et centrasiatiques – CETOBaC, avec le soutien du Master en sociologie, spécialité Genre, politique et sexualité, de l’Association Medusa et de la Ligue des droits de l’Homme – Section EHESS.

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Hommage à Jocelyne Saab (1948-2019), cinéaste et artiste libanaise

Conférence - Lundi 8 avril 2019 - 16:30L’événement vise à célébrer la trajectoire et le travail de Jocelyne Saab, cinéaste et artiste libanaise, ancienne reporter de guerre, disparue le 7 janvier 2019.Au programme :Gaël Teicher (Éditions de l’Œil) : Présentation du livre photographique de Jocelyne Saab, Zones de guerre, Éditions de l’Œil, 2018.Mathilde Rouxel (Paris 3-Sorbonne Nouvelle) : Présentation du livre Jocelyne Saab : La Mémoire indomptée 1970-2015, de la même auteure, Éditions Dar An-Nahar, Beirut, 2015.Initiative organisée par : Collectif MigrantEHESS, Transbloc, collectif féministe, Solidaires Étudiant.e.s EHESS, Institut d'études de l'Islam et des sociétés du monde musulman (IISMM), Centre d’Études turques, ottomanes, balkaniques et centrasiatiques (CETOBaC), avec le soutien du Master en sociologie, spécialité Genre, politique et sexualité et de la Ligue des droits de l’Homme (Section EHESS).

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flux rss  Actualités

Le contact entre colonisateurs européens et colonisés musulmans en Afrique de l’Ouest

Colloque - Mardi 25 juin 2019 - 09:00 Bernard Salvaing, Professeur émérite d’histoire contemporaine au CRHIA – Université de Nantes, et Bruce Hall, Professeur associé en histoire à l’Université de Berkeley – Californie, organisent un colloque sur le thème :« Le contact entre colonisateurs europé (...)(...)

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Conférence publique de l'IISMM

Conférence - Mardi 4 juin 2019 - 18:30Mardi 4 juin 2019 de 18h30 à 20h30 - EHESS, Amphithéâtre François Furet, 105, Boulevard Raspail, 75006 Paris. Entrée libreCÉLÉBRATIONS ET LIEUX DE PÈLERINAGESEn raison d'un imprévu, Anna Madoeuf ne sera pas en mesure d'intervenir lors de la prochaine confére (...)(...)

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Troisième Congrès du GIS Moyen-Orient et mondes musulmans

Colloque - Mercredi 3 juillet 2019 - 08:30Le Groupement d’Intérêt Scientifique Moyen-Orient et mondes musulmans, organise son troisième Congrès du 3 au 5 juillet 2019 à l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.Les inscriptions sont ouvertes jusqu’au 1 juin 2019 sur le site :https://congres-gismomm (...)(...)

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